If you’re weighed down by debt and struggle to see a way out, you may have considered a debt consolidation loan at some point. By consolidating multiple debts into a new loan, you can lower stress on yourself by not needing to tack several payments every month which can greatly simplify your finances, and even lower your monthly-out-of-pocket expense.
Also, if your debts were really out of control, debt consolidation may even offer a way to save yourself from debt collections, ruining your credit, or even bankruptcy.
Let’s take a look whether debt consolidation is right for you and what other options you may have.
Disadvantages of Debt Consolidation
Consolidating your debts is one option to consider, but it doesn’t make sense for everyone. In fact, if your circumstances aren’t favorable, debt consolidation can often compound the problem of too much debt for many people, due to the way the process works.
Here are some key reasons debt consolidation is not normally the best path to getting out of debt:
Debt consolidation may not lower your interest rate.
While it’s true that debt consolidation can help you merge all of your debts by getting a loan with one monthly payment, you may not actually be saving money once everything is said and done. If you don’t secure an annual percentage rate, or APR, that is considerably lower than the weighted average interest rate you have now, you could pay the same amount of interest, or easily more, depending on the details of your new loan.
You make have a longer term loan.
Depending on the terms of your new debt consolidation loan, you may actually extend your repayment timeline. If that’s the case, you’ll spend even more time in debt than you are spending now, plus potentially pay more interest as well. For some this may be a necessary evil, but there are likely other options to consider, like a side hustle.
You may gain a false sense of accomplishment.
Debt consolidation usually leaves people feeling relieved they reduced the number of monthly payments they need to make each month. Since you still carry the same amount of debt, however, this feeling can give you a false sense of accomplishment. You didn’t pay any debt off by consolidating it; you simply moved it around.
It doesn’t change what got you there, old financial behaviors to tackle.
The biggest disadvantage that comes with debt consolidation is that it doesn’t help anyone change their behavior in the long run. If you ran up dozens of credit card balances and consolidated them for peace of mind, what’s to convince you not to do the same thing again? Without a long-term plan to avoid debt and change your spending habits, you could easily end up worse off than when you began. There is nothing worse than getting this new consolidated loan just to go straight out to putting everything on the credit card.
Alternatives to Debt Consolidation
If you’re worried that debt consolidation won’t actually leave you better off, there are several alternatives to consider instead. While each of these options also has their own set of disadvantages, they may make more sense in the long run.
Alternative #1: Sign Up for a Balance Transfer Credit Card
While formal debt consolidation offers a way to consolidate several credit card balances and loans into one new product with a single monthly payment, you can often accomplish the same thing with a balance transfer credit card.
Even better, most balance transfer credit cards let you pay zero percent interest during an introductory promotional period. And during the time your balance isn’t accruing any interest, every cent you pay towards your new loan goes directly towards the principal. While there are a whole lot of balance transfer credit cards on the market, NerdWallet offers an easy way to compare some great options.
How to Make a Balance Transfer Credit Card Work for You
In a lot of ways, using a balance transfer credit card might be a band-aid solution. If you don’t use your time wisely and actually pay off your debt, you can end up in the same spot – with lots of debt at a high interest rate – once your introductory offer expires. Here are some steps to take if you want to take full advantage of a balance transfer offer:
Make sure you get the right balance transfer credit card for your needs.
In addition to the two balance transfer credit cards featured in this post, there are many other top balance transfer credit cards to consider. Make sure to research them all, noting the fine print and terms and conditions, but also taking special care to understand the terms of their introductory zero percent offer.
Transfer all of your debts to your new balance transfer credit card.
To get the most out of your new balance transfer credit card, make sure you transfer as many high interest balances as you can. With as much of your debt at zero percent interest as possible, you’ll be in the best position to pay down your total debt load faster.
Pay as much you can towards your new balance each month.
Once you transfer your high interest balances to a card that offers zero percent interest, your minimum monthly payment on those debts should decrease. However, you should keep paying as much as you can each month no matter what. If you don’t repay your balances during the zero percent interest introductory offer, you won’t be much better off when it’s over.
Don’t use your credit card for regular spending. Use cash instead.
Although some balance transfer credit cards offer rewards on your everyday spending, you shouldn’t use your new balance transfer credit card for purchases until you are debt-free. If you keep using credit to buy items you cannot afford, you will never get out of debt! Keep your balance transfer credit card in a drawer or in your freezer for safe keeping, and refrain from using any other credit cards while you’re still in debt.
Alternative #2: Debt Snowball and Debt Avalanche Methods
Debt consolidation can help you merge all of your debts into a single loan, but that doesn’t mean it will actually save you money. In almost every case, you would be better off paying your debts off the hard way – as in, using your own money to absolutely destroy the loans you have – one by one.
Generally speaking, there are two ways to approach debt repayment – the debt snowball method and the debt avalanche method.
The debt snowball method is by far the most popular debt repayment method since it helps you score small wins right away. With this method, you’ll list out all of your debts in order from smallest to largest regardless of their respective interest rates. Once your debts are listed in this order, you’ll work up a budget that allows you to pay the minimum payment on all of your debts except for the smallest one. When it comes to your smallest debt, you’ll pay as much as you can each month until it’s paid off.
As each small balance gets knocked down to zero, you’ll move on to the next smallest balance throwing all you can at it. In the meantime, you’ll continue making minimum payments on the rest of your debts. Over time, your smallest balances will disappear, leaving only your largest balances in their wake.
The debt avalanche method, on the other hand, takes the opposite approach. Instead of listing your debts from smallest to largest, you’ll list your debts by interest rate instead.
With the debt avalanche, you’ll pay the minimum payment on all of your loans with the lowest interest rate every month while paying as much as you can towards the balance with the highest interest rate. Over time, your loans with the highest rates will disappear, leaving only the loans and balances with the lowest interest rates.
With both the debt snowball and the debt avalanche, you will keep powering through until all debt is paid off.
How to Make the Debt Snowball and Debt Avalanche Work for You
With both the debt snowball and debt avalanche methods, a certain amount of self-restraint is required for the process to work. Not only must you stick to the plan and work as hard as you can to repay your debts, but you have to stop digging as well. Here are some tips that can make paying off your debts the hard way a reality:
Stop using credit altogether.
One of the biggest problems people face when they try to get out of debt is avoiding new debt. If you’ve become accustomed to overspending, it’s hard to break that habit and focus on paying off debt instead.
The best way to ensure you don’t dig a deeper hole is to quit using credit altogether while you work your way out of debt. Stick to a cash budget instead if possible, and avoid using credit cards. You can do this!
Make sure your partner or spouse is on board.
If you want to improve your chances for success, it’s smart to sit down with your spouse or partner to make sure everyone is on board. Without their support, you could end up making little progress, or worse, growing your debt load larger over time.
Sit down your spouse or partner and discuss your future, showing them how getting out of debt can improve both your relationship and your lifestyle. With their help, your chances for success will increase tremendously.
Cut your spending to get out of debt faster.
Since you’re in debt and already struggling, it’s safe to say you’re already spending more than you can afford each month. To get out of debt faster – and to give yourself peace of mind – it’s crucial to look for ways to cut your spending every month.
When you first get started, look for the low-hanging fruit. If you’re overspending on food or entertainment, those are areas that are fairly easy to cut. Conversely, you can also check past month’s bank statements for other “budget drains” including lifestyle habits like smoking or shopping.
Stick with the plan until you’re entirely debt-free.
Getting started on the debt snowball or debt avalanche method can feel exhilarating if you are tired of being in debt, but you have to commit to the program for the long haul if you want it to work. If you don’t, you could easily wind up getting off track and racking up more debt.
If you desperately want to pay off debt, it’s important to know that debt consolidation isn’t your only option. In some cases, you might be much better off paying your debts off the hard way. In others, a zero interest, balance transfer credit card might help you speed up the process.
At the end of the day, it’s up to you to figure out which option works best for your lifestyle and goals. And no matter what, there is no right answer for everyone. Before you pull the trigger on a debt consolidation or balance transfer credit card, make sure you know what you’re getting into. In addition, you should make sure you understand yourself and your limits.